|zaur||Дата: Пятница, 20.09.2013, 03:07 | Сообщение # 1|
|Charter Terms and Abbreviations |
AA Always Afloat
AAAA Always Accessible Always Afloat
AARA Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area
ADCOM Address Commission
AFSPS Arrival First Sea Piolt Station (Norway)
AFFREIGHTMENT The hiring of a ship in whole or part
AFT At or towards the stern or rear of a ship
AGW All Going Well
AHL Australian Hold Ladders
ANTHAM Antwerp-Hamburg RangeAPS Arrival Pilot Station
ARAG Amsterdam-Rotterdam--Antwerp-Gent Range
ATDNSHINC Any Time Day/Night Sundays and Holidays UIncluded
ATUTC Actual Times Used to Count
BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount,reflecting the movement in the market place price forbunkers.
BALLAST Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carryingcargo.
BAREBOAT CHTR Bareboat Charter - Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercialoperations only.
BBB Before Breaking Bulk
BDI Both Dates Inclusive
BENDS Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)
BI Both Inclusive
BIMCO The Baltic and International Council
BL2 (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt andevidence of title to the cargo.
BEAM The maximum breadth of a ship
BOB Bunker on Board
BOFFER Best OfferBROB Bunkers Remaining on Board
BSS BasisBSS 1/1 Basis 1 Port to 1 Port
BT Berth Terms
BUNDLING This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into onemanageable unit. This is relevant to items such as Structural Steel, Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst thisis a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is topresent cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20tonne) fork lift truck.
BUNKERS Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies(Originates from coal bunkers)
BWAD Brackish Water Arrival Draft
CBM Cubic Meter
CBFT (or CFT) Cubic Feet
CFR (or C&F) Cost and Freight
CHOPT Charterers Option
CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs toa nominated port or place of discharge.
CKD Completely knocked down
COA Contract of Affreightment - Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue tonne for cargo carried on a specific numberof voyages.
COACP Contract of Affreightment Charter Party
COB Closing of Business
COD Cas On Delivery
COGSA Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
COP Custom Of Port
CP (or C/P) Charter Party
CPD Charterers Pay Dues
CPT Carriage Paid To
CQD Customary Quick Despatch
CR Current RateCROB Cargo Remaining on Board
CST CentistokeCTR Container Fitted
DAPS Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)
DAMFORDET Damages for Detention. Penalty if cargo is not ready when ship arrives for working (1st day of Laycan). This is notdetention which is charged for ships time on delay. Ifthe cargo is ready there is no DAMFORDET.
DDU Delivered Duty unpaid.
DDP Delivered Duty Paid.
DEMDemurrage (Quay Rent). Money paid by the shipper for the occupying port space beyond a specified _Free Time_period.
DET Detention (See DAMFORDET)
DHDATSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends
DHDWTSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends
DLOSP Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)
DO Diesel Oil
DOLSP Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)
DOP Dropping Outward Pilot
DOT Department of Transport
DNRCAOSLONL Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo and/or Ship Lost orNot Lost
DRAUGHT (orDRAFT)Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and willgreater or lesser depending not only on the weight of theship and everything on board, but also on the density ofthe water in which the ship is lying.
DUNNAGE Materials of various types, often timber or matting,placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the caseof certain cargoes, to provide space in which the tynesof a fork lift truck may be inserted.
DWAT (or DWT) Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. thedifference between lightship and loaded displacement
EC East Coast
EIU Even if Used
ELVENT Electric Ventilation
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
ETC Estimated Time of Completion
ETD Estimated Time of Departure
ETS Estimated Time of Sailing
EXW Ex Works
FAS Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriatedock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer coverscosts and risks of loading.
FCA Free to Carrier. A modern equivalent of used in intermodal transport where goods are transferred at anominated forwarder premises, depot or terminal but notactually put on board vessel.
FDESP Free Despatch
FDD Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
FDIS Free Discharge
FEU Standard 40_ Container
FHEX Fridays/Holidays Excluded
FHINC Fridays/Holidays Included
FILO Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper paysload costs and the carrier pays for discharge costs.
FIO Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight,but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer paysfor cost of loading/discharging cargo.
FIOS Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but includes stowagecosts.
FIOST Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.
FIOT Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging andstowage costs.
FIT Free In Trimmed
FIW Free In Wagon
FIXING Chartering a Vessel
FLATPACKING Cargo to be presented stacked and secured as an integralunit.
FMC Federal Maritime Commission
FO (IFO) Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO
FOB Free on Board. Seller sees the goods _over the ship_s rail_ on to the ship which is arranged and paid for bythe buyer
FOFFER Firm Offer
FOG For Our Guidance
FOQ Free On Quay
FOR Free On Rail
FORCE MAJEUR Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers,shippers and receivers of cargo.
FOT Free On Truck
FOW1 First Open Water
FOW2 Free On Wharf
FREE DESPATCH If loading/discharging achieved sooner than agreed, therewill be no freight money returned.
FREE OUT Free of discharge costs to owners. Includes seafreightonly.
FWAD Fresh Water Arrival Draft
FWDD Fresh Water Departure Draft
FYG For Your Guidance
FYI For Your Information
GA General Average
GNCN Gencon (General Conditions)
GO Gas Oil
GRT Gross Restricted Tonnage
GSB Good Safe Berth
GSP Good Safe Port
2H Second Half
HDWTS Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved
HHDW Handy Heavy d.w. (scrap)HMS Heavy Metal Scraps
HW High Water
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IMO International Maritime Organisation
IN&/OR OVER Goods carried below or on deck
INTERMODAL Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport,i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey.
INCOTERMS (Refer comments in covering letter)
ITF Complies on Crewing
IU If Used
IUHTAUTC If Used, Half Time Actually To Count
IWL Institute Warranty Limits
LANE METER A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is representedby an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters inwidth.
LASH To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chainsor Straps etc.
LOA Length Overall of the vessel
LOW Last Open Water
LS (or LUMPS) Lumpsum
LSD Lashed Secured Dunnaged
LT Liner Terms
LW Low Water
LYCN Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)
MB Merchant BrokerMDO (DO) Marine Diesel Oil
MOLCHOPT More or Less Charterers Option
MOLOO More or Less Owners Option
MT Metric Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)
M/V Motor Vessel
NAABSA Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
NCB National Cargo Bureau
NESTING Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack ofplates. This is particularly relevant in the presentationof tankage strakes for transport.
NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge timeallowed.
NOR Notice of Readiness
NRT Net Restricted Tonnage
NYPE New York Produce Exchange
OO Owners Option
OSH Open Shelter Deck
PASTUS Past Us
PC Period of Charter
PCGO Part Cargo
PDPR Per Day Pro Rata
PERDIEM By the Day
PER SE By Itself
PHPD Per Hatch Per Day
PRATIQUE Licence or permission to use a port
REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to dischargeoperations.
ROB Remaining On Board
RT Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric Tonne or 1.0 cubic meter,whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largestamount. The overall freight liability is calculated onthe total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.
SATPM Saturday P.M.
SB Safe Berth
SD (or SID) Single Decker
SEAFREIGHT Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover any haulage or loading/discharging costsbut the sea transport only
SEMI-TRAILERS Are usually 12.0 meter flatbed road trailers
SF Stowage factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupiedby one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo.
SHINC Sundays/Holidays Included
SHEX Sundays/Holidays Excluded
SKIDS Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under cargo to enable fork lift handling at port, and for ease ofrigging and lashing on board ship.
SL Bale (capacity)
SOC Shipper Owned Container
SOF Statement Of Facts
SP Safe Port
SPIDERING Is the internal strengthening of circular tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks becoming warped. Thetanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeamsgiving a _spider_ appearance.
SRBL Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading
SSHEX (orSATSHEX) Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded
SSHINC (orSATSHINC) Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included
STABILITY It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all respectsat all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes intoaccount the weight and position of cargo within thevessel.
STARBOARD Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end
STEM Subject To Enough Merchandise (Availability of Cargo)
STERN The aformost part of a ship
SUB Subject (to)
SUPERCARGO Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervisecargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.
SWAD Salt Water Arrival Draft
SWDD Salt Water Departure Draft
TC Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical management,crewing etc.
TEU Standard 20_ Container
TW Tween Decker
USC Unless Sooner Commenced
UU Unless Used
UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count
VPD Vessel Pays Dues
WCCON Whether Customs Cleared Or Not
WIBON Whether In Berth Or Not
WIFPON Whether In Free Pratique or not
WIPON Whether In Port Or Not
WLTOHC (distance) Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming
WOG Without Guarantee
WPD Weather Permitting Day
WWD Weather Working Day
WRIC Wire Rods In Coils
WWR When, Where Ready
WWWW Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon
YAR York Antwerp Rules
Z UTC = GMT
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